lass Summary - Today I want you to learn about Soft Tissue injuries. Step 1 - Read the summaries of soft tissue injuries and controlling bleeding and watch the video after the summary Step 2 - Read through slides about soft tissue injuries. Step 3 - Complete the google form ws found here - https://forms.gle/2NmShLVwwd457NG89 You may refer back to this website or other resources if you want to. Submit the form when you are finished.
'Soft Tissues' include injuries to skin, fat and muscle below the skin. There are closed wounds and open wounds. The simplest type of close wound is a bruise. Applying ice to a bruise will slow swelling and ease pain. Another type of closed wound is internal bleeding. You can identify internal bleeding if someone's abdomen is rigid and hard, if someone is passing or throwing up blood, if there is a loss of feeling to extremities, or if bruising occurs. If you suspect internal bleeding call 911. Open wounds are injuries where fluid leaves the body like a cut. Open soft tissue injuries are categorized as abrasions, lacerations, avulsions and punctures. Abrasions are rubbing off of skin like a floor burn or a skinned knee. These don't bleed much but often weep a clear fluid that scabs over. Washing with soap and water should be sufficient for this type of injury. Lacerations are cuts, avulsions are tears of the skin and a puncture is a deep wound with a small opening like stepping on a nail. To control bleeding, get gloves on and apply pressure to the wound, apply gauze and a roller bandage. If blood soaks through the bandage do not remove the dirty bandage, just apply more gauze on top. Lastly, check for feeling warmth and color to make sure that the bandage is not too tight. Wait for emergency personnel. Stitches may be needed if the edges of skin don't fall together nicely, the injury is showing layers of fat or muscle beneath, the injury is over 1/2 inch long, the injury is to the face or a place that moves a lot like the fingers. If a tooth gets knocked out, put the tooth in milk or saliva and have the person bite down on some rolled gauze to stop bleeding. Send the tooth with the victim. For a bloody nose, the person should pinch their nose and lean forward. If an object is still in the body it is called an 'embedded objects'. Don't pull out large embedded objects because it could increase bleeding and chances of infection. A mild infection from an open wound would be pus or warmth or redness and swelling. The body will fight off this infection on its own most likely. A dangerous infection will show red streaks from the injury going towards the heart. This means the infection is in the bloodstream and the person needs medical care asap. Call 911.
Objectives - Students will identify and list the care for closed injuries (Standard 1 - Core Concepts) Students will list the 4 categories and care for open injuries (Standard 1 - Core Concepts) Students will identify when stitches are needed (Standard 1 - Core Concepts) Students will identify and list the care for teeth, nose, and embedded objects (Standard 1 - Core Concepts)