Class Summary - Today I want you to learn about injuries to muscles bones and joints. Step 1 - Read the summaries for injuries to muscles bones and joints and watch the video after the summary. Step 2 - Read through slides about injuries to muscles bones and joints. Step 3 - Complete the google form ws found here - https://forms.gle/Pft15aLJCvyrMuAq7 You may refer back to this website or other resources if you want to. Submit the form when you are finished.
When we talk about breaking a bone, there are two types of fractures; open and closed. An open fracture would result in the bone piercing through the skin and being visible from outside the body. A closed fracture can be life threatening as it could be by an artery but it stays inside of the skin. In general, an open fracture is more concerning because an opening in the skin leaves the body vulnerable for germs and infection to get into the body. Another injury to muscles bones and joints is sprains and strains. Sprains are an injury to ligaments, and strains are injuries to tendons. A separation or dislocation is when a bone leaves the joint. The care for injuries to muscles bones and joints is the acronym of RICE (Rest - do not have the person move or use the injured body part, Immobilize - reduce movement of the injury, Cold - use ice on and off for 20 minutes to reduce swelling and pain, and Elevate - raise the body part above the heart if possible i.e. propping an injured ankle on a pillow if the person was laying down) as care for an injury to a muscle, bone or joint. If you HAVE to move the person (remember we only move a victim if we absolutely have to) you can splint the injury to reduce movement. If you need to splint an injury there are three categories; anatomic - body part to body part think buddy taping a finger to another finger, or a leg to a leg, soft - using a soft medium like a blanket to splint an ankle, and rigid / ground - using a hard object like a twig or magazine to prevent movement).