Sudden Illness - Asthma, Anaphylaxis and Diabetic Emergencies
Class Summary - Today I want you to learn about asthma, anaphylaxis (anna, fill, axe, is) and diabetic emergency. Step 1 - Read the summaries of all three sudden illnesses and watch the video after each summary for the illness that you read about Step 2 - Read through the 3 slides about the illnesses. Step 3 - Complete the google form ws found here - https://forms.gle/E3AC8KEEq5ZYpYeN6 You may refer back to this website or other resources if you want to. Submit the form when you are finished. Asthma is a condition where someone's breathing tubes (bronchi) close up making it harder to breathe. You, or someone you know may have asthma It is very common. When someone has an asthma attack, they will be struggling to breathe. This may include their shoulders going up and down, strain in the neck, wheezing or gasping for air. Their lips could even turn a bluish color. An asthma attack can be triggered by exercise, an allergy, smoke or cold. The treatment for asthma is to get the person into a comfortable position and retrieve the person's inhaler. Most people with asthma can administer the inhaler themselves.
Anaphylaxis is a life threatening allergic reaction. This isn't the type of allergic reaction that just makes you a little itchy or your eyes water. This is the type of allergic reaction that makes it difficult to breathe. Common allergens for anaphylaxis are nuts, insect stings, or latex. When someone is in anaphylactic shock, they need an epi-pen. If an epi pen is not available the victim should sit down (moving will make the heart pump blood faster and make the poison move quicker) and 911 should be called. If they have an epi-pen because they've had a reaction before, get it for them as they should not move because of the reason listed previously. They can administer their own epi-pen probably but if not, you may need to help. The epi-pen can go through clothing and should be given in the upper thigh. It is not like a normal shot it is spring loaded. When you feel the epi-pen click, hold it in for about 5-10 seconds. 911 should still be called as the epi-pen just buys time until emts arrive. Send the epi-pen with the EMTs when they arrive.
You will only know if someone has diabetes if you know their health history or if they have a medial ID bracelet or tag (there is no specific symptom that indicates a diabetic emergency. If someone with diabetes has symptoms like dizziness, shaking, sweating/clamminess, hunger, nervousness or anxiety, irritability or rapid pulse it could be a diabetic emergency. Get the person some sort of sugar, preferably in liquid form (soda, juice etc.). Some first aid kits will have a sugar packet that can be put into water and drank. Monitor the person for signs of improvement. If the person does not improve or goes unconscious call 911.
Homework - Google Form WS. on Asthma, Anaphylaxis and Diabetic Emergency
Objectives - Students will identify signs and symptoms of emergencies regarding asthma, anaphylaxis and diabetic related emergencies (Standard 1 Core Concepts) Students will state the care for someone experiencing an emergency regarding asthma, anaphylaxis and diabetic emergencies (Standard 1 Core Concepts) Students will demonstrate the correct use of an epi-pen (Standard 7 Self Management)